Extensive agriculture is an agricultural production system that maximizes the capacity for full short-term productivity of the soil without the use of chemicals, irrigation or drainage, but rather, making use of the natural resources present in the place.
It is generally located on large areas, in regions with low population density, and is characterized by relatively low yields per hectare, but which are overall acceptable.
It is an agriculture that often allows a certification of “organic farming” when accompanied by the non-use of chemicals, but not all producers appreciate it.
In Europe, the extensive agriculture zone corresponds to the areas where agriculture retains a greater naturalness, where “agricultural systems with high natural value” have been identified.
Wheat, corn, oats, barley, and rye are examples of extensive crops.